SEN Categories | Special Education Support Service

By: Sess  05/12/2011
Keywords: Teaching, special education, special educational needs

This section outlines how differing categories of special educational need (from menu on left) impact on teaching and learning. It also offers tips for teaching, along with additional resources and references.

Categorising the complex and diverse nature of disability in this form is not intended to equate individuals with disability labels. Rather, these categories act as signposts that enable teachers to negotiate the social, psychological and biological factors that affect each individual pupil’s learning and unique needs.

The strategies outlined are not exclusive to any category, or indeed to special educational needs, and should be used in conjunction with a number of key publications:

Keywords: Education Support, Education Support Service, special education, Special Education Support, special educational needs, Teaching

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Autism / Autistic Spectrum Disorders

Verbal difficulties may include a delay in the development of language, comprehension difficulties, literalness, poorly modulated intonation and delivery of speech, echolalia, unusual vocabulary and repetitive use of language. Autism is just an information processing problem that controls who I am.


Dyspraxia | Special Education Support Service

Dyspraxia is often treated in the literature under two separate headings: developmental coordination disorder and developmental verbal dyspraxia or verbal dyspraxia as it is more commonly known. Headline from a survey commissioned by Dyspraxia Foundation UK for Dyspraxia Awareness Week 24–30 September 2007.


Emotional Disturbance and/or Behavioural Problems

Students with emotional disturbance and/or behavioural problems may have conditions such as neurosis, childhood psychosis, hyperactivity, attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder. This category is not intended to include students whose conduct or behavioural difficulties can be dealt with in accordance with agreed school procedures on discipline..


Assessed Syndromes | Special Education Support Service

Parent of child with special educational needs, from ‘Something to Cheer About’, Tom Gresham in The Daily Progress, 7 May 2000. People are always pushing her forward and letting her do things .. She is just another young girl full of life.