Environmental Liability Services Ltd. - Consultancy for Environmental Protection - water

By: Environmental Liability Services  05/12/2011
Keywords: Environmental Protection, groundwater, Liability Services

The Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) establishes a framework for Community action in the field of water policy. Its objectives are to preserve, protect and improve the quality of the aquatic environment and to contribute to its prudent and rational utilisation.

Surface water and groundwater provide important water resources for potable supply, general amenity and aesthetic value, recreational facilities, conservation and ecological environments. Both water environments are vulnerable to pollution or activities that significantly vary the flow rates and levels. Surface water pollution is usually readily visible and may reduce water quality, significantly alter flow characteristics (level and volume), or significantly modify or destroy physical habitats.

Groundwater is also vulnerable to pollution; however, potential impacts to groundwater are rarely observed and tend to receive less consideration. Groundwater pollution is problematic because aquifer contamination tends to persist for long periods and is often very difficult and costly to remediate. Groundwater pollution prevention measures cost 10 - 20 times less than groundwater clean-up and aquifer remediation programmes.

Similarly, although part of the continuous hydrological cycle, the development of groundwater and surface water resources may put these natural resources at risk through overexploitation and/or unsuitable design & layout of abstraction infrastructure.

Keywords: Environmental Liability Services, Environmental Protection, groundwater, Liability Services,

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